Nuclear relations are a fundamental pillar of U.S., Russian, and Chinese triangular relations, and disagreements over nuclear issues have the potential to spill into other areas of cooperation.
International efforts to mitigate potential threats from biotechnologies, such as the Biological Weapons Convention, have so far proven to be of limited effectiveness preventing their misuse.
The Taiwan Strait is not at immediate risk of a crisis, but a changing status quo and diminishing trust between Beijing, Taipei, and Washington signal possible trouble ahead.
Though a “Cold War” between the U.S. and China has not yet begun, the two sides are increasingly confrontational and risk shifting from competition to rivalry. Russia does not feel threatened by China’s rise, as Moscow remains confident that it can still benefit from the relationship.
For many years, China has mostly relied on land-based nuclear weapons as its strategic deterrent. But now its fleet of nuclear-armed submarines is getting larger and more advanced. This long-term trend has far-reaching implications.
The U.S.-Russia bilateral relationship is facing unprecedented strains. At the same time, the U.S.-China relationship is growing increasingly contentious over what the Trump administration views as the lack of reciprocity across many areas, including trade, investment, media, education, and culture.
The Trump administration believes attempts by previous administrations at persuasive dialogue and engagement with Beijing were unsuccessful, but the current strategy of publicly admonishing and punishing China has not been effective.
China, Russia, and the United States face the difficult task of maintaining the following aspects of trilateral nonproliferation cooperation: limiting vertical growth of nuclear forces, preventing nuclear proliferation in new countries, and enhancing barriers against terrorists’ use of nuclear weapons.
Though formal diplomatic efforts between the DPRK and China, South Korea, and the United States have resumed, a solution to the North Korea issue remains elusive.
Paul Haenle joined Kaiser Kuo to discuss next steps for DPRK diplomacy and tensions between the United States and China over trade, Taiwan, and the Belt and Road Initiative