Beijing’s peaceful development strategy has not been uniformly successful, and President Xi Jinping’s expansion of it is likely to create unexpected challenges for China and the world.
As China’s world leadership role expands, the country’s strategic approach should be grounded in moral realism.
Chinese leaders have framed the Belt and Road initiative as a way for China to provide public goods to other countries, although a lack of transparency has led some to question China’s motives.
China’s foreign policy evolution is guided in part by principles derived from traditional Chinese culture.
With its increasingly proactive diplomatic agenda, China has begun shaping its international environment through initiatives such as the Belt and Road and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.
For China to become a superpower like the United States, Beijing needs a new strategy that fully embraces genuine alliances, and not just so-called “strategic partnerships.”
More cultural exchanges between U.S. and Chinese academics and young people can help enhance constructive relations between the two countries.
Long-standing U.S. strategic objectives in the Pacific and Xi Jinping’s proposal of mutual respect for core interests shape current U.S.-China relations.
China’s growing economic, political, and military power is redefining the country’s international role and changing its relationships with neighboring Asian countries and the United States.
Chinese investment in Latin American infrastructure will be more successful if China asks partnering countries what they want and need from such projects.