The rise of populism in Europe and United States has had a pronounced impact on domestic politics and foreign policy, as seen in Brexit and the election of Donald Trump.
How are European nations balancing the opportunities and consequences of increased Chinese investment and influence in the region?
How will the shifting dynamics in Europe impact China’s future engagement with the region as well as inter-European relations and the international system more broadly?
As China’s influence grows, Europe starts to have an increasing quest for reciprocity and is turning to realist engagement with China.
As Europe becomes a preferred playing field for Chinese foreign direct investment, leaders of bloc nations have been drawn into a debate on the creation of a long-anticipated screening mechanism.
Trump’s election was received with apprehension by European nations. Notably, his propensity to change views will complicate transatlantic relations and could impact China’s role in the region.
Chinese companies investing in Europe are largely driving the Belt and Road Initiative, but cultural differences could impede their success.
President Trump has called the future of NATO and the transatlantic alliance into question. China, meanwhile, could benefit from a U.S. retreat as it continues to promote its Belt and Road Initiative.
In light of the recent rise of populism and the refugee crisis, the future of European integration will depend on the results of imminent elections in France, Germany, and the Netherlands.
While China’s infrastructure and trade initiative, One Belt One Road, has garnered interest in several Asian countries, fewer European countries have signed on.