China and the Developing World

    • Op-Ed

    China-Venezuela Relations: A Perfect Storm

    How China should understand and manage political risk in Venezuela has become one of the most important, if too often ignored, questions not just in China’s relationship with Latin America, but in its broader efforts to be seen as an agent and leader of development on the world stage.

    • Op-Ed

    FOCAC and BRI Bring Reciprocal Benefit for China and Africa

    The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) was established far earlier than the BRI, and it has become a sophisticated framework for China’s partnerships with African countries. Thus, FOCAC can be a mini-version of multilateral cooperation that aids the implementation of BRI projects.

    • Op-Ed

    China, Venezuela, and the Illusion of Debt-Trap Diplomacy

    China has often been accused of practicing “debt-trap diplomacy”—miring supposed partners, particularly developing countries, in unsustainable debt-based relationships. But this is a misreading of the issue, and nowhere is this more apparent than in China’s dealings with Venezuela.

    • Op-Ed

    China-Latin America Relations: Beyond “Win-Win”

    China and Latin America must confront the legacy of past deals gone wrong and attempt to move beyond commodity-based trade, investment and financing ties to forge more infrastructure cooperation.

    • China, Economic Statecraft and Policy Banks

      Concerns about China’s mercantilist trade and investment policies have been at the forefront of growing frictions between China, the EU and the United States, but the Belt and Road Initiative has also highlighted worries about the lending of billions of dollars for infrastructure projects by its “policy banks”.

      • Op-Ed

      More than a Belt, More than a Road

      Since its announcement in 2013, the Belt and Road Initiative has grown from an idea centered on connectivity and infrastructure development into a global strategy bolstering China’s influence and economic diplomacy.

      • Event

      China’s Belt and Road Initiative: a Catalyst for Economic, Financial, and Good Governance Reforms?

      Since its unveiling in 2013, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has developed into a sweeping global project with profound implications for the international financial system, China’s own growth model, and governance in China and in countries along the Belt.

      • Event

      Chinese Aid in the New Era of Globalization

      While the Trump administration has proposed to slash foreign aid by more than one-third, China is increasingly interacting with, and providing aid to, developing countries under the umbrella of South-South cooperation.

      • Op-Ed

      Why Has Chinese Lending in Latin America Declined?

      China and its keenest Latin American borrowers are left with the challenge of managing the legacy of past deals, including those that have gone awry.

      • Op-Ed

      Do Latin America’s Ties With China Come “at a Price”?

      It is Trump administration policies and attitudes that have provided China a rhetorical opening in Latin America at a time when China’s economic and political relations with the region face serious challenges.

    Carnegie Experts on
    China and the Developing World

    • expert thumbnail - Ferchen
      Matt Ferchen
      Nonresident Scholar
      Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Ferchen specializes in China’s political-economic relations with emerging economies. At the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, he runs a program on China’s economic and political relations with the developing world, including Latin America.
    • expert thumbnail - Xun
      Pang Xun
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Pang Xun is a resident scholar at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, where she is part of the China and the Developing World Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Xiaoyang
      Tang Xiaoyang
      Deputy Director
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Tang Xiaoyang is a resident scholar and the deputy director of the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy and an associate professor in the Department of International Relations at Tsinghua University. His research interests include political philosophy, China’s modernization process, and China’s engagement in Africa.

    About the Program

    As China’s demand for resources and investment opportunities grows, so too do its relations with the developing world. Through collaborative exchange with leading Chinese and international experts, this program analyzes and informs the global debate on China’s relations with Latin America and the African Continent.

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