Since the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council are nuclear weapon states, they struggle in their attempts to convince other nations, like Iran and North Korea, not to develop a nuclear weapon program.
Given upcoming leadership transitions and elections in both China and the United States, the increasing U.S. attention to the Asia-Pacific region, and China’s growing global presence, Hu Jintao's upcoming trip to Washington has particular significance for U.S.-China relations.
As China’s military modernization steadily advances, there are questions in Washington about Beijing’s ability to project power abroad and deter U.S. intervention in the Pacific—and whether that poses a threat to American interests
Open communication between the U.S. and Chinese governments and militaries can help overcome mutual distrust and create opportunities to tackle the world’s most critical problems, from the global economic crisis to stability on the Korean peninsula.
The status of North Korea has a strong affect on bilateral relations between the United States and China.
State-level visits between China and the United States are very important, given that relations between China nd the United States are probably going to be among the most critical bilateral relationships for the next fifteen years.
Beijing's usage of the term "core interests" to describe its critical national priorities indicates that while China has become increasingly assertive on the global stage, the nature and direction of this assertiveness is still being worked out by Chinese leaders.