Lora Saalman

Former Nonresident Associate
Nuclear Policy Program
Saalman was a nonresident associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Her research focuses on China’s nuclear and strategic policies toward India, Russia, and arms control.


PhD, Tsinghua University
MA, Certificate of Nonproliferation, Monterey Institute of International Studies 
BA, University of Chicago 


English; Mandarin Chinese


Lora Saalman Ofner left her position at the Carnegie Endowment and is now an Associate Professor at the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies.

Lora Saalman Ofner was a nonresident associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Her research focused on China’s nuclear and strategic policies toward India, Russia, and arms control.

Saalman organized seven seminar series resulting in over 50 events at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy in Beijing. She also taught Chinese- and English-language courses on China’s and India’s regional diplomacy as an adjunct professor at Tsinghua University.

Saalman completed her PhD at Tsinghua University, where she was the first American to earn a doctorate from its Department of International Relations. Her Chinese-language dissertation covers the impact of U.S. and European export control shifts on Sino-Indian military modernization. She was awarded the Outstanding PhD Graduate Award and the Outstanding Dissertation Award, Second Tier. She also organized one of the first Sino-Indian conferences on nuclear relations between the two countries. This conference led to the volume The China-India Nuclear Crossroads, which Saalman edited.

Prior to joining Carnegie in April 2010, Saalman served as a visiting fellow at the Observer Research Foundation in New Delhi, a visiting fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, and a research associate at the Wisconsin Project on Nuclear Arms Control. Additionally, she was a graduate research assistant at the Monterey Institute of International Studies’ Center for East Asian Studies and Center for Nonproliferation Studies, through which she earned a one-year fellowship to work at the Division of Safeguards Information Technology at the International Atomic Energy Agency.

  • Op-Ed Global Times June 5, 2013
    Media’s Sensational Reporting Stirred Potential Conflict

    China and India have long-standing unresolved border issues but the Indian media too often acts to further inflame tensions by over-hyping the situation.

  • Paper April 1, 2013
    Balancing Chinese Interests on North Korea and Iran

    In China, nonproliferation continues to be framed as an excuse behind which Washington and its allies are able to engage in provocative and destabilizing acts.

  • Op-Ed Wall Street Journal February 20, 2013 中文
    Why Beijing Stands by Pyongyang

    Understanding Chinese priorities could help the United States to achieve specific outcomes in North Korea.

  • Op-Ed Strategic Stability: Contending Interpretations February 6, 2013
    Placing a Renminbi Sign on Strategic Stability and Nuclear Reductions

    While interdependence might bring China to the negotiation table, its presence does not guarantee meaningful engagement, much less nuclear reductions.

  • Proliferation Analysis August 23, 2012
    China's Evolution on Ballistic Missile Defense

    It is important that Washington and Moscow take steps toward compromising on ballistic missile defense cooperation now as a foundation for effective engagement with Beijing in the future.

  • Article July 6, 2012
    India’s “So-Called” String of Pearls

    As India comes to play a more vocal role in South and East Asia, China must adapt and account for the diplomatic interests of this new regional player.

  • Op-Ed Guoji Xianqu Daobao February 17, 2012 中文
    “Can They” is More Important Than “Should They”

    Debate in China on Iran’s nuclear program continues to focus on uranium enrichment at the expense of other key aspects that could give a better indication of the broader program’s progress and outcomes.

  • China: A Dangerous Neighbor or a Trusted Partner?
    Op-Ed Voenno-Promyshlennyi Kurier July 20, 2011 Русский
    China: A Dangerous Neighbor or a Trusted Partner?

    China and Russia share significant common ground on a number of issues, but a number of concerns still shape Sino-Russian bilateral relations.

  • Op-Ed Journal of International Affairs July 7, 2011 中文
    Divergence, Similarity and Symmetry in Sino-Indian Threat Perceptions

    A close comparison of the security perceptions of Chinese and Indian strategic, scientific, and academic experts reveals that the Sino-Indian security dilemma cannot be simply viewed through the prism of the border anymore.

  • Asian Institute for Policy Studies June 16, 2011
    U.S. Nuclear Posture Review

    While strategic stability in China has traditionally reflected a concern for maintaining balance, the discussion has broadened in the past years to include concerns over issues such as nuclear terrorism and disarmament.

  • Washington September 25, 2012
    The China–India Nuclear Crossroads

    Leading Chinese and Indian experts examine the political, military, and technical factors that affect Sino-Indian nuclear relations, providing a comprehensive framework through which China and India can pursue enhanced cooperation.

  • News X May 10, 2013
    Li Keqiang's Visit to Delhi

    The recent border dispute between China and India may initiate a more comprehensive system between the two countries for communicating on territorial issues and other points of contention.

  • Red Pix May 4, 2013
    The Real Face of China: The Future of India and Sri Lanka

    Beijing believes that China's strategic and security interests must be met in order to ensure that economic gains follow.

  • Voice of Russia January 24, 2013 中文
    How Big a Threat is North Korea’s Nuclear and Space Program?

    North Korea has vowed to continue expanding and strengthening its 'self-defensive military power' to cope with sanction pressures.

  • CNTV February 22, 2012
    The U.S. Perspective on the Six Party Talks

    As the United States moves forward into a new round of Six Party Talks on North Korea's nuclear program, it is likely to place an emphasis on caution.

  • Phoenix TV February 12, 2012 中文
    China, the United States, and Iran

    Iran’s position as major oil exporter to China affects the way Beijing perceives the Iranian nuclear crisis. However, energy security is also a factor prompting Beijing to move closer to the United States on this issue.

  • CNTV August 7, 2011 中文
    Japan's 66th Anniversary of Nuclear Bombs

    Japan's Fukushima nuclear accident in early March 2011 is likely to have a primarily economic impact and is unlikely to result in a strengthened push for nuclear disarmament.

  • James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies February 4, 2011
    Three Dimensionality in Chinese Views on India and Space

    China’s perception of India’s military modernization and space capabilities has evolved over recent years, and growing bilateral strains demonstrate the need for collaborative measures to reduce tensions and clarify national policies.

  • Chinalogue January 20, 2011
    Balancing Efforts Toward Nuclear Proliferation and Reduction

    Since the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council are nuclear weapon states, they struggle in their attempts to convince other nations, like Iran and North Korea, not to develop a nuclear weapon program.

  • July 19, 2016 Beijing 中文
    How New Technologies Are Reshaping Traditional Nuclear Relations

    As new technologies challenge the notions of nuclear balancing and strategic deterrence, experts are examining policy measures to address the matters that may arise with these new capabilities.

  • November 14, 2013 Washington, DC 中文
    China’s Views on Prompt Global Strike

    Despite repeated assertions that Conventional Prompt Global Strike will be a niche capability, not intended to affect U.S. strategic balances with other countries, Beijing does not fully trust these assurances.

  • July 7, 2013 Beijing 中文
    China’s and Russia’s Nuclear Relations

    There are growing signs that strategic relations between China and Russia are on an upswing. Yet the nuclear and strategic relationship between these two powers remains largely unexamined, as do their long-term prospects for cooperation.

  • April 16, 2013 Beijing
    China-Russia-U.S.: Nuclear Security Culture and Partnerships

    As possessors of nuclear weapons and proponents of nuclear energy, China, Russia, and the United States cooperate in bilateral and multilateral forums to ensure nuclear safety and security. Yet their different patterns of engagement on arms control continue to impact their current cooperation.

  • March 27, 2013 Beijing 中文
    China’s and Russia’s Domestic Development and Foreign Roles

    Chinese Chairman Xi Jinping’s decision to make Russia his first state visit suggests Beijing’s renewed prioritization and reinvigoration of its relations with Moscow.

  • March 21, 2013 Beijing 中文
    U.S. Rebalancing to Asia: A View From India

    Faced with the limitations of economic relations without political integration, Asian states have begun to reevaluate their prior relations and coalition structures to meet the demands imposed by U.S. rebalancing within Asia.

  • March 20, 2013 Beijing 中文
    Enhancing Maritime Security in the Indo-Pacific

    In the wake of the U.S. rebalancing toward Asia, the obligation to protect trading ventures and shipping routes throughout the Indo-Pacific region increasingly falls on the shoulders of other actors, such as China and India.

  • January 31, 2013 Beijing 中文
    China-Russia-U.S. Strategic Stability and Missile Defense

    When it comes to strategic relations among the United States, China, and Russia, few issues have a greater impact than ballistic missile defense.

  • December 7, 2012 Beijing 中文
    Moving up the Supply Chain: China’s S&T Policy and Rare Earth Industry

    Given its position as a major global rare earths exporter, China has the power to seriously impact global markets and the potential to use the export of rare earths as a foreign policy tool.

  • October 31, 2012 Beijing 中文
    South Asia Nuclear Crossroads: At Sea

    The Indian Ocean is one of the primary trade and military passages in the world, serving as a crossroads for powers within and outside of the region.

Source: http://carnegieendowment.org/experts/index.cfm?fa=expert_view&expert_id=491
Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
Sohu Internet Plaza 1 Zhongguancun E Rd, Building 9, Suite 402 Haidian District, Beijing 100083 China